Gender and intercultural approach
For GIZ, and in line with the Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development and the new European Consensus on Development, gender equality is considered an objective in itself, as a value, as a guiding principle for action and as a key objective dimension for all sectors and fields of action.
In this context, the EnDev Programme considers that access to energy is essential to meet basic human needs, as well as helping to reduce poverty, care for health and enable people to have educational and economic opportunities. From a gender perspective, access to modern energy and sustainable energy services can help significantly reduce excessive workloads for women, as well as promote health conditions and opportunities for entrepreneurship and capacity building in communities.
However, gendered social roles, which assign different tasks and expectations to men and women, imply different needs, including for energy. This in turn produces differentiated benefits, where men generally benefit more than women from access to and use of energy.
For this reason, although the EnDev project in Bolivia was not originally conceived with a gender focus, over the years it has worked on elements
such as raising the awareness of its staff to incorporate and mainstream the gender focus in all areas of work. This also includes the characterisation of local contexts to make specific needs visible, as well as the adaptation of forms of work according to the different local realities (geographical, socio-cultural, etc.).
In 2016, EnDev Bolivia developed a Gender Strategy with the intention of concretising strategies, actions and indicators for each area of work, in order to support greater participation and empowerment of women in different aspects related to access and use of modern energies.
The Strategy is constantly being refined, and currently incorporates actions that seek to further unlock the transformative potential of energy in women's lives.
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